May 16, 2023

Semiconductor Chip Aging Test Process and Method

The semiconductor chip aging test is one of the important methods to evaluate the reliability of chips. It plays a vital role in the life cycle of designing, manufacturing, and maintaining chip products. The chip aging test evaluates its performance and reliability and infers its life by simulating various environments and stress conditions that the chip is subjected to during long-term use. This article will explain the process and method of chip aging test in detail.

Process of Chip Aging Test

The process of chip aging test generally includes the following steps:

  • Determine the purpose and test items of the chip aging test. Determine the test objectives and content according to actual needs, including test time, environmental conditions, stress factors, etc.
  • Design chip aging test scheme. Design the test plan according to the characteristics of the chip and the stress factors received, including stress type, stress level, test time, test conditions, etc.
  • Implement chip aging test. Carry out chip aging tests according to the test plan. And monitor various parameters and performance indicators during the test process.
  • Analyze chip aging test results. Analyze and process the test data to evaluate the life and reliability of the chip.
  • Feedback and improvement based on test results. Improve and optimize the design and manufacturing process of chip products according to the test results to improve the reliability and life of chip products.

Method of Chip Aging Test

The methods of chip aging tests mainly include the following:

Temperature Aging Test

Temperature is one of the main factors affecting the life of a chip. By continuously heating the chip in a high-temperature environment, it is possible to simulate the heating of the chip during long-term use. Temperature aging tests can be divided into room-temperature and high-temperature aging tests. The room temperature aging test generally uses a constant temperature and humidity chamber to test at a constant temperature and humidity. The high-temperature aging test generally uses a high-temperature chamber to test in a high-temperature environment.

Damp Heat Aging Test

The hot and humid environment is an important factor affecting the chip’s reliability. Testing in a high-temperature and high-humidity environment makes it possible to simulate the moisture of the chip in a humid environment. The damp heat aging test is generally carried out in a constant temperature and humidity chamber, and the test time is over 1000 hours.

Voltage Aging Test

Voltage is one of the important factors affecting the life of a chip. By testing at a high voltage, the aging of the chip under voltage stress can be simulated. The voltage aging test generally uses a high-voltage power supply to test at a constant voltage.

Radiation Aging Test

The working condition of the chip in the high radiation environment will lead to the decline of the chip’s performance, and the radiation ability and reliability can be evaluated by testing the simulated radiation environment. Radiation aging tests are generally carried out with radiation sources. And the test time and radiation energy are determined according to requirements.

Mechanical Aging Test

Chips are prone to damage when subjected to mechanical stress. By testing under different mechanical stresses, the stress resistance and reliability of the chip can be evaluated. Mechanical aging tests include impact, vibration, bending, etc.

Precautions for Chip Aging

Chip aging test is a relatively complicated task, and the following points need to be paid attention to:

  • The test parameters and environment should be accurate and reliable. When conducting chip aging tests, it is necessary to accurately measure and control the parameters and environment involved in the test to ensure the accuracy and reliability of the test results.
  • The design of the test program should be reasonable and feasible. When designing the test plan, the actual situation and various possibilities in the test process should be considered, and a reasonable test plan should be designed to ensure the validity and feasibility of the test.
  • The test data should be recorded accurately and completely. When conducting chip aging tests, the test data should be accurately and completely recorded to ensure the authenticity and reliability of the test results.
  • Pay attention to safety during the test. When performing chip aging tests, safety protection should be paid attention to ensure the safety of personnel and equipment during the test.


The chip aging test is a very important task. Simulating various environments and stress conditions of chips during long-term use and evaluating their reliability and life provides effective reference and guidance for chip product design and manufacturing. Only through a reasonable test plan and accurate test data can the reliability and life of the chip product be improved. Thereby further ensuring the quality and stability of the product. Choosing the right manufacturer to provide a high-quality product can guarantee that each test stage will produce correct statistical significance data.

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